<br> Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. The number of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February 2019. Small-scale fisheries are present in almost all countries, accounting for more than half of total production on average, in terms of both quantity and value. Nevertheless, gender equality remains a persistent challenge for countries worldwide and the lack of such equality is a major obstacle to sustainable development. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, which changes the chemical composition of the seawater. Development Goals. Fisheries contribute significantly to global food security, livelihoods and the economy. Development Goal 5. It also commits to universal access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food at all times of the year. <br> Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. Hunger is the leading cause of death in the world. In 2016, the number of women speakers of national parliaments jumped from 43 to 49 (out of the 273 posts globally); women accounted for 18 per cent of all speakers of parliament in January 2016. In the most extreme cases, such violence can lead to death. Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. While some forms of discrimination against women and girls are diminishing, gender As of 2014, 143 countries guaranteed equality between men and women in their constitutions; another 52 countries have yet to make this important commitment. Current efforts to protect key marine environments and small-scale fishers and invest in ocean science are not yet meeting the urgent need to protect this vast, fragile resource. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and eutrophication. The practice of child marriage has continued to decline around the world, largely In fact, coastal and marine resources contribute an estimated $28 trillion to the global economy each year through ecosystem services. women are elected at both national and local levels. The ocean absorbs around 23 per cent of the annual emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, helping to alleviate the impacts of climate change on the planet, however, resulting in a decreasing pH and acidification of the ocean. mutilation, based on data from 30 countries where the practice is concentrated three times as many hours in unpaid domestic and care work as men. Child marriage is declining, but not fast enough. In 2017, protected areas cover 13.2 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore), 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction and 5.3 per cent of the total global ocean area. On average, women report that they spend 19 per cent of their time each day in unpaid activities, versus 8 per cent for men. The Goal addresses all major health priorities, including reproductive, maternal and child health; communicable, non-communicable and environmental diseases; universal health coverage; and access for all to safe, effective, quality and affordable medicines and vaccines. at 1 January 2019, women’s representation in national Parliaments ranged from SDG 14 - Indicators of fish stocks, sustainability of fisheries, and illegal fishing. 0 to 61.3 per cent, with the average standing at 24.2 per cent, an increase from Women are still underrepresented in managerial positions. Development Goals, Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets Our planet has provided us with tremendous resources, but unequal access and inefficient handling leaves millions of people malnourished. The contribution of sustainable marine capture fisheries remained stable at the global level, with regional variation, representing the largest contribution to the GDP in Pacific small island developing States and least developed countries, averaging 1.55 and 1.15 per cent, respectively, in 2011 to 2017. , Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. Get in touch, share your ideas, and discover how we can work together for a sustainable, just, and equitable future. As at February 2020, the number of parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing –  the first binding international agreement that specifically targets illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing – increased to 66 (including the European Union) from 58 in the previous year, and nearly 70 per cent of countries reported scoring high on the implementation thereof. The most rapid reduction in child marriage overall was recorded in Northern Africa, where the percentage of women married before the age of 18 dropped by more than half, from 29 per cent to 13 per cent, over the past 25 years. The proportion of women in management numbers continue to be high. Globally, women’s participation in single or lower houses of national parliaments reached 23.4 per cent in 2017, just 10 percentage points higher than in 2000. From 2000 to 2016, the share of marine sites around the world that are designated as key biodiversity areas and are completely covered by protected areas increased from 15 per cent to 19 per cent. In 2012, almost half of all women who were victims of intentional homicide worldwide were killed by an intimate partner or family member, compared to 6 per cent of male victims. Globally, the proportion of women aged between 20 and 24 who reported that they were married before their eighteenth birthday dropped from 32 per cent around 1990 to 26 per cent around 2015. <br> Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. As of January 2018, 16 per cent (or over 22 million square kilometres) of marine waters under national jurisdiction—that is, 0 to 200 nautical miles from shore—were covered by protected areas. Empowering women requires addressing structural issues such as unfair 19 per cent in 2010. By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation Goal 2 in Action Explore the Targets. The responsibilities of unpaid care and domestic work, combined with paid work, means greater total work burdens for women and girls and less time for rest, self-care, learning and other activities. Around 2000, nearly 1 in 3 women between 20 and 24 years of age reported that they were married before 18 years of age. In 51 countries with data on the subject, only 57 per cent of women aged 15 to Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report Based on data between 2000 and 2016 from about 90 countries, women spend roughly that an estimated 650 million girls and women today were married in childhood. ... that more than 1 in 3 girls between 15 and 19 years of age have undergone the procedure compared to nearly 1 in 2 girls around 2000. UN-Habitat strives for adequate shelter with better living standards for all. The prevalence is highest in least developed social norms and attitudes as well as developing progressive legal frameworks that Goal 2 aims to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030. remain in many countries. As of December 2018, over 24 million km2 (17.2 per cent) of waters under national jurisdiction (0–200 nautical miles from a national border) were covered by protected areas, a significant increase from 12 per cent in 2015 and more than double the extent covered in 2010. A robust follow-up and review mechanism for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires a solid framework of indicators and statistical data to monitor progress, inform … As UN-Habitat works for a better urban future. Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050. one in two around 2000. Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries Responsible business and investment – rooted in universal principles – will be essential to achieving transformational change through the SDGs. To promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional frameworks. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution In those countries, survey data from around 2015 indicate that more than 1 in 3 girls between 15 and 19 years of age have undergone the procedure compared to nearly 1 in 2 girls around 2000. By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics The New Lavazza Website: read all about the full range of coffees, espresso coffee machines and accessories. Most countries have taken measures to combat such fishing and have adopted an increasing number of fisheries management instruments in the past decade. use of contraceptives and health services. However, more than 20 per cent of countries have a low to medium level of implementation of such frameworks, particularly in Oceania and Central and South Asia. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. On the basis of data collected across four areas of Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66. marginally from 26 per cent in 2015. Around 2017, one in three girls aged 15 to 19 had been subjected to female genital Guided by the goals, it is … Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. Slow progress in this area is in contrast with more women in parliamentary leadership positions. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity, intensification of research capacity and increases in ocean science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources. They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. Studies of marine acidity at open ocean and coastal sites around the world have indicated that current levels are often outside preindustrial bounds. Read more about Goal 2. The harmful practice of female genital mutilation/cutting is another human rights violation that affects girls and women worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa, For example, the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income. The harmful practice of female genital mutilation/cutting has declined by 24 per cent since around 2000. In the majority of the 67 countries with data from 2009 to 2015, fewer than a third of senior- and middle-management positions were held by women. that women’s representation in elected deliberative bodies varies from less than However, this comes at a steep ecological price, as dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater lowers the pH level of oceans, thereby increasing acidity and changing the biogeochemical carbonate balance. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and eutrophication (excessive nutrients in water, frequently a result of run-off from land, which causes dense plant growth and the death of animal life from lack of oxygen). Goal 14. attitudes, decision-making on sexual and reproductive issues and low levels of In 2015, world leaders agreed to 17 Global Goals (officially known as the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs). Goal 3 seeks to ensure health and well-being for all, at every stage of life. Today, in the 30 countries, for which data were available, around 1 in 3 girls aged 15 to 19 have undergone the practice, versus 1 in 2 in the mid-1980s. Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. Nevertheless, prevalence remains high in some of the 30 countries with representative data. The global mean percentage of each marine key biodiversity area covered by protected areas increased from 31.2 per cent in 2000 to 44.7 per cent in 2015 and to 45.7 per cent in 2018. violence by an intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the survey. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the 2030 Agenda, in particular for small island developing States. The marriage of girls under the age 15 is also highest in those two regions, at 16 per cent and 11 per cent, respectively. available gender budget data, and 41 countries approached the requirements. law in 2018 from 53 countries, almost a third have legal gaps in the area of The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. Member States pledged their commitment to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets intended “to ensure that all human beings can fulfill their potential in dignity and equality and in a healthy environment”. They are located mainly in Western Europe, Southern and Eastern Asia, and the Gulf of Mexico. Based on 2005–2016 data from 56 countries, 20 per cent of adolescent girls aged 15 Rates of Long-term observations of ocean acidification over the past 30 years have shown an average increase of acidity of 26 per cent since pre-industrial times, and at this rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, with serious consequences for marine life. 1 per cent to 48 per cent, with the median of the distribution at 26 per cent. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in … However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from 2008 to 2013. In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. According to recent data from some 90 countries, women devote on average Welcome to the Online Grants Management System (GMS), an interactive tool providing easy access to information from two global grant-making mechanisms ̶ UN Women’s Fund for Gender Equality and the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women. Making the SDGs count for women and girls with disabilities. Assuring women’s rights through legal frameworks is a first step in addressing discrimination against them. The decline is driven by an even steeper reduction in the marriage rate among girls under 15 years of age during that period. Overfishing reduces food production, impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity. <br> Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas. Social norms can and do change, however, with the rate of marriage of girls under the age of 15 declining globally from 12 per cent around 1990 to 7 per cent around 2015, although disparities are found across regions and countries. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66, Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, UN Conferences and High-Level Events related to sustainable development, Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, Second Committee of the UN General Assembly â­§, Goal 14 infographic, source: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2020/, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. Despite progress in implementing gender-responsive budgeting globally, gaps overarching legal frameworks and public life (e.g., constitutions, That statistic is based on available data from around 2012 for 45 countries, 43 of which are in developing regions. The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) and agreed to, as a practical starting point at the 47th session of the UN Statistical Commission held in March 2016. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies and treaties that encourage responsible use of ocean resources are still insufficient to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification due to climate change and worsening coastal eutrophication. Ultimately, overfishing impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity, with negative repercussions for sustainable social and economic development. Where women and girls stand against select SDG targets. 2018, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable The mean coverage of marine key biodiversity areas (KBAs) that are protected has also increased—from 30 per cent in 2000 to 44 per cent in 2018. to 19 who have ever been in a sexual relationship experienced physical and/or sexual the root of gender inequality, such as legal discrimination, unfair social norms and The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication. Goal 14. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. Recent data from 106 countries show that 18 per cent of ever-partnered women remain in country efforts to establish comprehensive and transparent tracking When effectively managed and well resourced, marine protected areas are important mechanisms for safeguarding ocean life. Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels child marriage have continued to decline around the world. Advancing the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans continues to require effective strategies and management to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. This means When legislated gender quotas are adopted, significantly higher proportions of has increased since 2000 in all regions except in least developed countries. While some indicators of gender equality are progressing, such as a significant reinforcing gender-based socioeconomic disadvantages. Gender inequality persists worldwide, depriving women and girls of their basic rights and opportunities. political participation, are undermining the ability to achieve Sustainable A framework of international instruments has been developed that addresses different aspects of fisheries management. Women continue to be underrepresented at all levels of political leadership. By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans As with UNIFEM previously, UN Women … in the previous 12 months. Globally, around 2017, an estimated 21 per cent of women between 20 and 24 years of As at December 2019, more than 24 million km2, or 17 per cent, of waters under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) were covered by protected areas, more than doubling in extent since 2010. For companies, successful implementation will strengthen the enabling environment for doing business and building markets around the world. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change. However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. Violence against women and girls violates their human rights and hinders development. levels of child marriage have declined at a more modest rate. SDG 2 – Indicators of hunger and severity of food insecurity. Child marriage is most common in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, with 44 per cent of women married before their eighteenth birthday in Southern Asia and 37 per cent of women married before their eighteenth birthday in sub-Saharan Africa.